According to UN statistics, dangerous goods account for about 50% of the world's total cargo turnover. Proper organization of the transportation of dangerous goods (ADR) by road, rail, air and sea is of strategic importance for many industries. As a rule, enterprises engaged in the chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical and mining industries are most likely to send and receive ADR dangerous goods. The combined cooperation of these enterprises and the creation of new economic ties in these sectors play a key role in ensuring the sustainable growth of the economy. AsstrA helps its customers reap the benefits of ADR cargo transportation by all modes of international transport, optimize logistics processes, and enter new markets in the CIS, Western Europe, and Asia. Our specialists develop optimal delivery routes taking into account cargo characteristics and ensure compliance with legal, technical and sanitary regulations. Thanks to cooperation with reliable transport service providers, we offer a flexible pricing policy and maintain a high level of services.
The rules of ADR transportation, in a narrow sense, present a system of legal and technical documents adopted by the authorized bodies of individual states, regional associations, and international organizations with general and specific functions. The complexity and diversity of regulatory sources significantly complicates the international delivery of dangerous goods, as the relevant classifications and legal procedures in each state may differ from each other.
The unification of relevant rules and procedures concerning the air transportation of dangerous goods is the subject of many international regulatory conventions and aviation initiatives. Unification and classification of air transport regulations are overseen primarily by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). ICAO has prepared detailed technical instructions for the safe air transportation of dangerous goods. These instructions use a single, common classification system for dangerous goods and define "dangerous cargo" according to nine categories (classes) of substances depending the nature of the danger. Example categories include: flammable, toxic, explosive, corrosive, and radioactive. Some classes have more detailed subclasses such as class 6, which is subdivided into subclass 6.1 (toxic substances) and subclass 6.2 (infectious substances).
The technical instructions specify, in strict detail, rules for products' marking, packaging, fixing, transshipment, and delivery, as well as special measures to ensure aviation security and requirements for aircraft crew, among other information. A strict ban is imposed on the air transportation of certain substances. ICAO prohibits taking certain corrosive, toxic, and radioactive substances on board. To unify the rules of international transportation of dangerous goods by road, the UN undertook the development of a special international agreement.
The result of this initiative was the creation of an ADR Agreement on the road transport of hazardous substances. The ADR Agreement is one of the most widely recognized source of regulations in the field of cargo transportation. It is observed not only in the EU but also in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Morocco and Russia. The ADR Agreement also introduces a unified classification of dangerous goods similar to that adopted for air transportation. In accordance with this system, nine categories (classes) of substances are also identified according to source of danger. Each class has its own physical and chemical properties. Depending on these properties, the ADR Agreement stipulates the necessary conditions and rules for ADR road transportation.
The basic rules for ADR sea transportation were defined in a universal international convention in 1974. The detailed procedures for the transportation of dangerous goods by sea were developed by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and are laid out in several of the organization's special acrs. The International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code, developed by the IMO, also contains a definition of the term "dangerous goods" and describes nine classes of dangerous materials according to the nature of the danger. The Maritime Dangerous Goods Code is a comprehensive legal act that establishes clear procedures for the transportation of hazardous substances and materials. The IMO Code takes into account the potential hazards of certain substances presented to maritime transport vessels, crews, and other transported goods as well as the threat of pollution posed to the environment and marine ecology.
Railway transportation of dangerous goods is regulated by annexes to the Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF) and Agreement on Direct International Goods Transport by Rail and Procedure Instruction (SMGS), as well as by regional legal acts adopted within the CIS countries. Structurally, the rules governing ADR cargo transportation by rail are similar to the rules of ADR transportation by other modes of transport. In particular, the relevant documents adopted in the field of rail transport contain a unified classification system for hazardous substances alongisde requirements for packaging, the application of indicatory markings, and the personnel involved in rail transport servicing. An important condition for ADR rail transportation is that be it conducted at a sufficient distance from residential buildings.
The transportation of dangerous goods is regulated by both international and national legal instruments. In particular, the procedures for ADR transportation by rail in Russia are determined not only by the ADR Agreement but also by the rules of ADR road transportation approved by the Russian Government on April 15, 2011, and by various other relevant federal and local acts. Regarding the transport of dangerous goods by air and water, the special Air and Water Codes complement State acts with narrower scopes.
All of the above rules can be divided into several categories: rules for carriers; rules for the preparation and equipping of vehicles and containers; rules for the ADR transportation of substances according to hazard classes; rules for performing loading and unloading depending on the hazard class and mode of transport; rules for marking and labeling; rules for the packaging of hazardous substances; and rules for documentation. AsstrA carefully monitors changes in the domestic and international regulation of the transportation of dangerous goods and provides safe and fast delivery based on the characteristics of each specific substance.
Requirements for ADR cargo transportation by road and by other modes of transport depend on the hazard class of the relevant substance and include requirements for the use of a certain packaging (classified as indivisible or combined, and reliable or very reliable), identification of the goods and their labeling, and rules for loading and unloading. Legal regulations establishing the rules for the transport of ADR dangerous goods contain a list of procedures and documents, the registration of which necessarily precede the transportation process.
The necessary list of documents for ADR road transportation includes the following:
- a certificate (license) for the international carriage of dangerous goods;
- a similar carriage certificate in case of dangerous goods carriage along a route consisting of federal highways and in some other sensit;
- a waybill with appropriate indications of name, identification number, cargo hazard class, etc.;
- other documents.
The list of documents for ADR cargo transportation by air includes the following:
- a certificate (license) for the reception and processing of ADR dangerous goods by air transport;
- customs declarations for dangerous goods;
- air waybill with appropriate indications of name, identification number, cargo hazard class, etc.;
- other documents.
The list of documents for the transportation of dangerous goods by sea includes the following:
- a certificate (license) for ADR cargo transportation by inland waters and sea;
- a certificate (license) for loading / unloading hazardous substances and materials for inland water and sea transport;
- bill of lading with appropriate indications of name, identification number, cargo hazard class, etc.;
- other documents.
The list of documents for ADR transportation by rail includes the following:
- a certificate (license) for the carriage of ADR dangerous goods by rail;
- a certificate (license) for loading / unloading hazardous substances and materials on the train;
- certificates of technical regulatory compliance for the railway transport used;
- waybill with appropriate indications of name, identification number, cargo hazard class, etc.;
- other documents.
A key requirement for the transportation of dangerous goods is the use of specialized transport and containers. AsstrA cooperates with international airlines and transport Partners who have extensive experience and qualifications in the field of dangerous goods transportation. Our company's own fleet of vehicles is equipped for the transport of dangerous goods by road. Our staff consists of qualified, experienced specialists trained to work with hazardous substances. Our contractors are all reliable transport companies possessing all necessary licenses and certificates.
AsstrA has obtained a European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC) Safety & Quality Assessment for Sustainability (SQAS) certificate confirming compliance with safety regulations, labor and environmental legislation, and a high level of quality management in the delivery of hazardous chemicals.
Our company provides safe, innovative, and efficient services for the transport of dangerous goods in compliance with international law. AsstrA renders a full range of services for the delivery of substances and materials belonging to hazard classes and subclasses 2, 3, 4.1, 4.3, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2, 8, and 9. Since the transport of dangerous goods is associated with high risks, AsstrA provides additional cargo insurance. AsstrA's shipment liability is covered for EUR 3,000,000 per each insured event. Insurance coverage is provided by our reliable Partner Zurich Insurance Company Ltd (Switzerland).
We look forward to cooperating with you! For more information on our services, please contact us via our website or at our nearest AsstrA office.