The rules and procedures for marking goods are regulated by Federal Law No. 184 of December 27, 2002. According to Article 27 of this law:
“Products, for which compliance with technical regulation requirements is confirmed in the manner prescribed by this Federal Law, are affixed with a market circulation mark. Applicants independently affix the market circulation mark in any convenient way. The specifics of a market circulation marks are established by technical regulations.”
In 2011, the Commission of the EAEU approved the market circulation mark regime. In 2016, the Commission updated the regime’s guidelines to apply to the Eurasian Economic Union’s internal market. As a result, the used previously used PCT mark was replaced with a new Eurasian
Conformity (EAC) circulation mark:
According to the law, the new EAC circulation mark is used for products that are subject to mandatory confirmation of compliance with the requirements of technical regulations.
This means that a product with an EAC mark has passed the conformity assessment procedures established in the technical regulations and complies with the requirements therein. Products are affixed with a single circulation mark until they are released into free circulation on the EAEU market. In this case, using this mark before a completed conformity confirmation procedure is prohibited.
According to the law, two groups of goods are clearly distinguished:
- Those subject to the requirements of technical regulations.
- Those not subject to confirmation of compliance with the requirements of technical regulations.
For the second group of products, the application of the circulation mark is unacceptable.
The conformity confirmation procedure is carried out in several ways:
- Certification, i.e. through the issuance of a certificate of conformity.
- Declaration, i.e. by submitting a declaration of conformity.
- State registration, i.e. through a certificate of state registration.
The specific form of confirmation of conformity and the appropriate procedure to obtain it are determined by law. The list of equipment that needs confirmation in the form of certification is indicated in special Appendices to the technical regulations.
Application requirements for EAC circulation marks are established by the Decision of the Customs Union Commission No. 711 of July 15, 2011.
The EAC circulation mark consists of a combination of three stylized "E", "A," and "C" letters of the same width and height graphically executed using right angles to portray a square on a light background (Fig. 1 ) or against a contrasting background (Fig. 2).
The dimensions of a particular circulation mark are determined by a product’s manufacturer, an authorized person from the manufacturer, or a supplier (importer) who has received the right to use it. In this case, the size of the mark cannot be less than 5 mm. The selected dimensions guarantee the legibility the elements with the naked eye against a general color background.
The requirements for the information contained in the labeling, as well as the rules for applying the labeling, are established by the technical regulations of the Eurasian Economic Union.
The list of current technical regulations is posted on the website of the Eurasian Commission http://www.eurasiancommission.org/ru/act/texnreg/deptexreg/tr/Pages/TRVsily.aspx
There are various labeling requirements set out in the technical regulations of the Customs Union. Consider, for example, that the regulations require different types of information to be supplied for different types of low-voltage equipment, which include a wide range of household appliances and electrical devices.
The EAC circulation mark must be affixed to the equipment itself or a nameplate attached to it. Markings must also be present on the transport packaging and in the technical description. Together with the mark, the marking includes:
- The exact name and designation of the equipment’s type, make, and model.
- The main parameters and characteristics governing its safe handling.
- The name and trademark of the manufacturer.
- The country of origin.
If the listed information cannot be applied to the electrical equipment itself, then the information is indicated on the attached operating documents. In any case, the manufacturer's name, trademark, type, brand, and model of the device must be applied to the packaging. Correct markings, in accordance with technical regulations, are applied legibly in a place accessible for inspection without disassembly.
If a given product is subject to mandatory confirmation of compliance with the requirements of several technical regulations, then the labeling must indicate the applicable regulations.
- If a product was manufactured in a country that is a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, then the marking is applied after the mandatory confirmation procedure according to the requirements of the technical regulation and immediately before its release into circulation on the market.
- If a product was imported from outside the Eurasian Economic Union, the marking is applied after the mandatory confirmation procedures as specified by the technical regulations and before the release of the customs declaration.
The marking must be applied in a customs control zone on the territory of the EAEU. Products are placed in a customs warehouse, but due to the high cost of the services of such warehouses, foreign economic activity participants may apply the markings at the facilities of manufacturers or suppliers or in specialized logistics centers in countries outside the EAEU.
According to the law, it is unacceptable to affix the EAC circulation mark on samples of products imported into the territory of the EAEU for testing or other procedures for assessing compliance with the requirements of technical regulations.
To date, the list of technical regulations of the Eurasian Customs Union (TR CU) consists of 47 regulations:
TR CU 001/2011 - "On the safety of railway rolling stock"
TR CU 002/2011 - "On the safety of high-speed rail transport"
TR CU 003/2011 - "On the safety of the railway transport infrastructure"
TR CU 004/2011 - "On the safety of low-voltage equipment"
TR CU 005/2011 - "On the safety of packaging"
TR CU 006/2011 - "On the safety of pyrotechnic products"
TR CU 007/2011 - "On the safety of products intended for children and adolescents"
TR CU 008/2011 - "On the safety of toys"
TR CU 009/2011 - "On the safety of perfumery and cosmetic products"
TR CU 010/2011 - "On the safety of machinery and equipment"
TR CU 011/2011 – "On the safety of elevators"
TR CU 012/2011 - "On the safety of equipment for work in explosive atmospheres"
TR CU 013/2011 - "On requirements for motor and aviation gasoline, diesel and marine fuel, jet fuel and fuel oil"
TR CU 014/2011 - “On the safety of highways”
TR CU 015/2011 - "On the safety of grain"
TR CU 016/2011 - "On the safety of devices operating on gaseous fuel"
TR CU 017/2011 - "On the safety of light industry products"
TR CU 018/2011 - "On the safety of wheeled vehicles"
TR CU 019/2011 - "On the safety of personal protective equipment"
TR CU 020/2011 - "Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment"
TR CU 021/2011 - "On food safety"
TR CU 022/2011 - "Food products in terms of their labeling"
TR CU 023/2011 - "Technical regulations for juice products from fruits and vegetables"
TR CU 024/2011 - "Technical regulations for fat and oil products"
TR CU 025/2012 - "On the safety of furniture products"
TR CU 026/2012 - "On the safety of small vessels"
TR CU 027/2012 - "On the safety of certain types of specialized food products, including dietary therapeutic and dietary preventive nutrition"
TR CU 028/2012 - "On the safety of explosives and products based on them"
TR CU 029/2012 - "Safety requirements for food additives, flavorings and technological aids"
TR CU 030/2012 - "On requirements for lubricants, oils and special fluids"
TR CU 031/2012 - "On the safety of agricultural and forestry tractors and their trailers"
TR CU 032/2013 - "On the safety of equipment operating under excessive pressure"
TR CU 033/2013 - "On the safety of milk and dairy products"
TR CU 034/2013 - "On the safety of meat and meat products"
TR CU 035/2014 - "Technical regulations for tobacco products"
TR EAEU 036/2016 - "Requirements for liquefied petroleum gases for their use as fuel"
TR EAEU 037/2016 - "On the restriction of the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic products"
TR EAEU 038/2016 - "On the safety of attractions"
TR EAEU 039/2016 - "On the requirements for mineral fertilizers"
TR EAEU 040/2016 - "On the safety of fish and fish products"
TR EAEU 041/2017 - "On the safety of chemical products"
TR EAEU 042/2017 - "On the safety of equipment for children's playgrounds"
TR EAEU 043/2017 - "On requirements for fire safety and fire extinguishing equipment"
TR EAEU 044/2017 - "On the safety of packaged drinking water, including natural mineral water"
TR EAEU 045/2017 - "On the safety of oil prepared for transportation and (or) its use thereof"
TR EAEU 046/2018 - "On the safety of combustible natural gas, prepared for transportation and (or) its use thereof"
TR EAEU 047/2018 - "On the safety of alcoholic beverages"