- The DAT load-to-truck ratio, a measure of demand in the spot trucking market, was up YoY across van, flatbed and reefer markets in December, according to the latest figures from the load board.
- DAT's figures show spot load posts rose more than 69% YoY while truck posts fell 2% YoY, which means fewer trucks were left to handle a swelling freight market.
- The increased demand has pushed up spot rates, which in December were up nearly 27% YoY for van rates, more than 14% for flatbed rates and 16% for reefer rates.
An upswing in trucking rates stemming from a capacity crunch resulted in an expensive trucking market for shippers in much of 2020.
Cass' latest Freight Index showed expenditures were up almost 6% in November as rate increases in the spot market have begun to spill over into contracts.
The demand at the end of the year was driven by low inventories — the latest figures are for October — that businesses were working to restock. This will keep the freight market hot in the near term, according to Cass.
DAT expects restocking to continue into Q1 of 2021, but it does "not think that the continued demand for durable goods will continue at its current pandemic pace," according to its December rate forecast published last month.
The high freight rates have correlated with trucking companies investing in their fleets, evidenced by a rebound in Class 8 truck orders and trailer purchases through the second half of 2020. The buying activity, coupled with smaller fleets entering the market due to high spot rates, should bode well for capacity moving forward.