Sustainable development is the theme of the future. The term was first used in 1972 at the UN Stockholm conference on the environment. “Sustainable development” is a model for economic growth not depleting natural resources.
Sustainable development concepts are evident in numerous industries, including transport logistics. To reduce the impact of environmental emissions, most logistics companies use a range of technologies, including special software identifying routes that minimize air emissions, electric cars, and cars meeting heightened eco-standards.
According to statistics from the International Energy Agency, automobile, aviation, rail and water transport generates an average of 28% of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. Road transport accounts for 73% of toxic emissions from all types of transport. In response to the threat of dirty air, the European transport industry is implementing a set of measures aimed at combating environmental pollution and reducing emissions of toxic substances.
According to Vladislav Aleinikov, Head of the Quality, Environment and Safety Department at AsstrA-Associated Traffic AG, the most important of these measures is the introduction of a system of administrative regulation.
As Vladislav Aleinikov notes: “The EU's CO2 emissions bills for 2020 involve a carbon and fuel tax, as well as a truck tax based on the distance traveled. This system of sequential initiatives provides for an annual reduction of CO2 truck emissions by 3%. From 2030, strict requirements will come into force, under which the emissions of harmful substances should be reduced by 30% compared to 2021. This measure will lead to an increase in the cost of operating old vehicles and will help speed up the process of “greening” the transportation industry.
The trucking fee, which depends on the distances traveled, is an additional incentive for streamlining cargo delivery schemes. The introduction of the levy led to less use of heavy trucks for long-haul routes. Shippers have been increasingly relying on these trucks for these routes over the last three decades.”
Logistics and transport companies have made additional efforts to improve performance: vacant runs have been reduced, and there has been some improvement in the environmentally friendly features of the vehicles used. In addition, there was a redirection of flows in favor of roads that do not charge fees, which lessened traffic on the main highways.
Vladislav Aleinikov concluded: “The AsstrA Corporate Group is committed to compliance with measures aimed at protecting and preserving the environment. It is important for the company that partners also follow the specified requirements. All things equal cost-wise, the company prefers environmentally friendly delivery options.”