International transportation of paper, paper products and wood
Regulations governing the domestic and international transportation of wooden boards as well as pulp and paper products vary depending on the type of cargo.
The first cargo type, paper and paper products, includes all varieties of paper (for printing, drawing, sketching, cigarettes, wrapping, industrial-technical, and others) and cardboard (footwear boxing, printing, packing, etc.). The main characteristics of paper products are hygroscopicity and sensitivity to temperature. Not keeping to a humidity regime and sudden temperature fluctuations lead to changes in color, texture, and durability. If humidity levels exceed the norm, paper and cardboard swell and become heavier, crumpled, and warped. In addition, such goods are susceptible to the effects of other harmful external factors. The paper decays under the influence of dirt, dust, light and mechanical damage (e.g. compression, impact, pressure, or friction). In order to avoid cargo damage, paper products are transported in boxes with additional protection from mechanical impact and paper and cardboard are placed in rolls (in bales or packs). While performing transportation of paper in rolls, a certain temperature and humidity are maintained inside the vehicle.
The second cargo type is cellulose. Cellulose is the main raw material in the manufacture of paper products. This type of product is also susceptible to the effects of moisture: it swells and decays when there is a high level of humidity. Therefore, to protect the cargo from external factors during transportation, it is necessary to comply with the appropriate temperature regime and avoid increased humidity and condensation.
The third cargo type comprises wood and lumber. Wood reacts to high humidity and temperature fluctuations and is also susceptible to decay and vermin. In addition, lumber and industrial wood often differ in overall dimensions and can damage the cab and body of the vehicle. These factors, along with the type of wood and conditions along the shipment's route, determine the key issues involved in the transportation of wood, such as the necessity of fastening the cargo, wood processing to prevent decay and vermin, and weather-appropriate cargo packing, among others.
AsstrA carefully monitors changes in the domestic and international legal regulation of cargo transportation and ensures the safe and fast transportation of paper products and wood tailored to the characteristics of each product.
Transportation of paper rolls by road, as well as the road transportation of wood, is a versatile and economical way to deliver such relatively light cargo. The execution of road transport does not depend on the timetables of ports, railway stations, or airports, and transportation therefore takes minimal time and is carried out almost around the clock. The advantages of road transport are extensive and include: the possibility of full truck loading, compliance with special temperature conditions, delivery of oversized and heavy cargo, and consolidation of cargoes in AsstrA partners’ warehouses in Europe, Asia, and the USA.
Transportation of paper rolls by sea, as well as the sea transportation of wood, is a profitable, fast and efficient solution for long-distance delivery. The containers used for shipping provide an additional security guarantee for transported goods. Advantages of sea container transportation include: the possibility of complete or partial container loading, large-scale transportation of bulk cargo, comprehensive cargo services in ports, and simplified customs procedures.
Transportation of paper rolls by rail, as well as the rail transportation of wood, is also a long-distance transportation solution in high demand. Advantages of rail transportation include: high speed of delivery, the possibility of transshipment of any cargo, and the possibility of using special wagons, platforms, and containers. AsstrA offers transportation of wood and pulp and paper products by rail from Europe, the CIS, and Asia, from China, and from the USA to China. As the trains leave and arrive in strict accordance with a schedule, our customers pre-order transportation and receive the goods at the agreed time.
Transportation of paper rolls and wood by air is an expensive but fast international delivery option. Cargo aircraft have high load capacities which helps optimize costs when transporting goods over long distances. The advantages of the air transportation of pulp and paper products include: the possibility of delivery from all international airports, the possibility to transport oversized cargo, the use of charter flights, full cargo service at airports, and possibility of delivering goods to the consignee's warehouse.
AsstrA specialists' skill set include attracting reliable transport partners, selecting suitable transport for the transportation of waste paper products and wood, and taking into account the characteristics of particular cargo. If necessary, our employees structure combined schemes using air, road, sea, and rail transport.
For many years, AsstrA has been a reliable partner for clients from the woodworking and pulp and paper industry within Russia and elsewhere. To ensure high quality services and meet the individual needs of each customer, our company has organized the AsstrA Wood & Paper Logistics department. When organizing transport, AsstrA employees select appropriate road, rail, sea, air transport, and also structure combined delivery schemes. During transportation of oversized and heavy cargoes, AsstrA professionals develop tailored logistics projects, provide specialized transshipment equipment, and offer support in obtaining the necessary permits.
The rules governing the international transportation of paper in rolls and wood are determined on the basis of several criteria: mode of transport, weight, cargo dimensions, and route. In each specific case, carriers refer to the rules for the carriage of all types of pulp and paper products and wood by the different modes of transport. It should also be taken into account that the legislation of many states establishes special rules for the turnover of wood and lumber and assigns legal responsibility for non-compliance with these rules. The rules for the transportation of wood and paper products are complex, as are the documents required for such transport. Documents to accompany wood transportation include: phytosanitary certificates, certificates of origin, agreements with invoices and specifications, among others. Additionally, vehicles loaded with timber often exceed the acceptable size and weight standards and are classified as oversized cargo. In order to transport oversized cargo, special permits and approvals of the transport route are required along with other formalities. Norms governing the transportation of wood, pulp and paper products are contained in technical regulations. In these technical norms, a special place is occupied by GOST. All these documents establish complex and detailed rules for the transportation of wood and waste paper. AsstrA not only ensures compliance with the relevant rules and regulation but also advises on the preparation of related documentation, including shipping documents, invoices, customs declarations, permits, and so forth.